Painting at bamyan in afghanistan predating european oil painting

monumental statues of standing buddha carved into the side of a cliff in the Bamyan valley in the Hazarajat region of central Afghanistan, 230 km (140 mi) northwest of Kabul at an elevation of 2,500 meters (8,200 feet).

Built in 507 CE (smaller) and 554 CE (larger), The main bodies were hewn directly from the sandstone cliffs, but details were modeled in mud mixed with straw, coated with stucco.

painting at bamyan in afghanistan predating european oil painting-76painting at bamyan in afghanistan predating european oil painting-1

Painting at bamyan in afghanistan predating european oil painting

Monks at the monasteries lived as hermits in small caves carved into the side of the Bamiyan cliffs.

Most of these monks embellished their caves with religious statuary and elaborate, brightly colored frescoes.

Intriguingly, Xuanzang mentions a third, even larger, reclining statue of the Buddha.

A monumental seated Buddha, similar in style to those at Bamiyan, still exists in the Bingling Temple caves in China's Gansu province.

Another attempt to destroy the Bamiyan statues was made by the 18th century Persian king Nader Afshar, directing cannon fire at them.

Abdul Wahed, a Taliban commander operating in the area, announced his intention to blow up the Buddhas in 1997 even before he had taken control of the valley.

In March 2001, the statues were destroyed by the Taliban of Mullah Omar following a decree issued by him.

The Taliban supreme leader Mullah Omar explained why he ordered the statues to be destroyed in an interview: I did not want to destroy the Bamiyan Buddha. Had they come for humanitarian work, I would have never ordered the Buddha's destruction.

Plans for the construction of the Spring Temple Buddha were announced soon after the blowing up of the Bamiyan Buddhas and China condemned the systematic destruction of the Buddhist heritage of Afghanistan.

The larger figure was also said to portray Dīpankara Buddha.

According to UNESCO Director-General Koïchiro Matsuura, a meeting of ambassadors from the 54 member states of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) was conducted.

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